Many of my friends have asked me on how to start with web development. I am not expert but here in this post I would like to describe a few steps that might help one climb the ladder of web development fast. Kindly feel free to add to this blog post if you think some other methodology might be better off.
- Where do I start web development? Well the first and best place to start web development is your own system. Yes your very own personal computer. You don’t need a server on internet to start with. Infact I worked locally on my computer for about a month before I went for free hostings, shared hosting and finally VPS. Once you feel that you are comfortable enough with the tid-bits of web development, then you can move to one of them.
- How to configure my local computer for that? You have a number of options to start with. I personally started on Tomcat Server after my initial training at Oracle. Tomcat is suited if you are starting with JSP (Java Server/Servlet Pages) . I started by making a few basic pages like creating a login/registration system. I made a few and then hosted on my office computer. Distributed the links to a few around to get the much needed boost. (Yes if you are into web development you need a lot of encouragement and appreciation from others, else your enthusiasm can soon die out). However I soon realized that in todays world of web 2.0 Tomcat is not the thing. So I shifted to Apache. Next option you have is to go for Apache (which I use currently for all my developments). I have written 2 posts on how to configure your local system for the same. Read it here: Web Development Part 1 Apache MySQL PHP . If you are interested in starting on a unix machine (which is always the best thing to do) here is the post where I described: How to configure Ubuntu and LAMP on Windows.
- Things to concentrate upon initially? Before you go for any big big applications its better to get your basics right. I sucked for long while working with out dated styles and methodology. Here is a bunch of things which you should initially look to:
- Choose the <div> style to create your HTML pages. I didn’t knew about this methodology and even went ahead to release Altertunes with <table> structure HTML pages.
- While looking around on internet you will find loads and lot of framework offerings. They really make your work sooo simple. Takes all the burden away from you. Solves all cross browser compatibility for your application and what not. Find a list of frameworks I have tried before here: Essential Frameworks for web development
- However one thing which you lose by using such frameworks is the insight. You never get to know what cross browser compatibility issues comes and how are they solved. They provide you easy ajax requests but you never get to know the methodology behind it. The biggest drawback which I find is that even for a simplest of application you always need to include whole bunch of files from framework hence making your application heavy for no reason.
- Hence I finally went ahead coding everything from scratch and never ever used any framework for any of my works.
- You need to learn how to prevent XSS (Cross browser scripting) and SQL Injection in your applications. Something very important for all your applications.
- Getting to a free hosting server: After initial play at your PC, its time to get to a free hosting server which brings in more knowledge and experience. I am lucky in the fact that I moved to X10 Hosting for the very first time. In my opinion they are one of the best in providing free hosts. The amount of features and largely the amount of support at their forums make them the best free hosting services around. I started with http://imoracle.x10hosting.com as my first ever site. Few applications which I build on that were:
- User login and registration system, where user was authenticated by an link sent to him through email.
- Inside I had a few basic applications including contact form, multiple picture uploads etc etc.
- One of the finest feature I had in that was Gmail Contact Import script, which I made using PHP Curl application.
- Last but not the least I built a chat application similar to browser based chat applications in google and yahoo mails. (Though not that efficient). That was first and the last time I used a framework for any of my application. It was built using Prototype Windows Class framework.
I told you about these features as these were the applications which got me started initially. Helped me learn the tid bits of web development. May be you too can give a try to a few of them as your first few applications.
- Altertunes: Must be wondering why is this name up here again. Well I agree Altertunes fails as a full time product on web but then actually this self initiated project helped me learn all and everything about web development. It was hugely an ajax dominated website with ajax requests flowing in and out of everything you do inside. Basically the social networking aspect inside altertunes helped me learn most of the things. Key things inside altertunes which helped me develop my web dev skills are:
- Social networking aspects like adding friends, sending personal messages, dedicating a song to your friends etc etc.
- Importing Gmail, Yahoo and other email contacts. I initially used self made gmail address book import script. But then probably Gmail changed the ways on their mail and my script started failing. However I was lucky to find various services which helps you import mail contacts.
- Creating of search bots for mp3. This was one of the things done in PERL instead of PHP. Read my blog on how to create an html parser using PERL here. This search bot was similar to any other search bot but it only used to index mp3 files in the database.
- Use of various web services API’s like Artist Recommendation API by last.fm, Video API by YouTube, Pictures API by Google.
- Features like creating your custom playlists, bookmarking artists, creation of analytic backend engine to provide users with the best recommended songs based on users listen history.
- Finally, I learnt to make custom web players. Alterplayer which I made using OpenLaszlo, was something which I did out of PHP, MySQL, Apache.
- Being at Oracle at that point in time, helped me in maintaining such a relational database with ease.
- Auto suggest feature which is similar to google auto suggest. Altertunes used to offer you artist names as you typed in the name of the artist.
- News from Google and Yahoo news. As there were no API’s available for this, I scrapped the google and yahoo news using PERL scripts and showed them to the users. (Illegal it was though) 😉
However I must say that your website is not complete till you have all the look and feel and User Interface to lure the users. Initially I thought that the UI is coming up good but then as the features which I wanted to offer increased and with my sucking <table> structured HTML pages everything got screwed. However Altertunes helped me develop my web dev skills a hell lot and helped me understanding the right way of doing things. Probably picking up a small project for yourself is always the best idea, as then only you will always try to make your application look more professional.
- Time for a shared host : As the traffic increased on Altertunes I had to quickly shift to a shared hosting. I again went for a shared hosting at X10, where I bought a hosting server for around 80$ a year with 99% uptime till date. All my websites including Altertunes, My personal website and a few other under ground works of mine are hosted on the same shared host. Basically shared host assures you of more % uptime, more bandwidth and more forum support from X10. Those guys just go out of their ways at times to help you out.
However you always have few drawbacks of a shared host:
- First of all its a shared host i.e. a single CPU with many document roots (one root for each client) in it. At times hosting service providers over shoot the maximum allowed roots on a single CPU, which makes your CPU share low. And hence sucking performances.
- Your site can go down even without a single error from your side. Yes this is the case which happened with me, when one of the other user on the same CPU set up a cron job (an automated job which runs every X hours) to take a backup of his server every 1 hour. Well in that case every single hour he used to consume maximum CPU cycles and hence all other users their started experiencing major downtimes. However X10 forum moderators are kind enough. They take immediate actions in such cases and ensure everything is fine.
- You can’t have all PHP PEAR and Perl modules installed. I wanted to have a PHP PERL module installed for me by which I can write perl codes inside my PHP script. But as its a shared host and a package installed effects everyone on the CPU, I was denied by the X10 hosting admins.
- Similarly for creating a upload meter application you need to have APC (Alternate PHP Cache) module enabled on your server. And I was again denied this package by the X10 hosting as they will cache all other users file which they might not want to.
- Finally the biggest drawback is that you don’t have access to the httpd.conf i.e you apache server configuration file and your php.ini your php configuration file. Which at times you may want to change to meet your applications demand.
- Finally time for a VPS (Virtual Private Server) : When you start feeling you want a total control on your server and applications, its time to switch to a VPS. However they will cost you more than expected. I started with VPS at VPSFarm which I must say totally sucks. Doesn’t go well for me atleast with Zero support (‘Zero’ means zero). I took the Xen 1024 plan which costs around 40$ per month. However by the time my 1st month got over X10 started offering VPS too and with my experience and relations with them I immediately shifted to a VPS at X10. It too costs me same, around 35$ per month with more RAM and more Disk Space.
However do not move to a VPS because you want to. It takes a lot of hard work to set it up and maintain it further. You basically have no support what so ever. Your mails not going, file not loading, server down, database not working. No one is accountable for that except you. But then you get all the controls on various configuration files which means you can fine tune the system to meet your needs.
However one thing which I miss is the comfort of CPanel which used to come in by default with free host and shared hostings. I got so used to it in last 1 year. Plus being from ECE background doesn’t helps me a great deal either. Anyways I suppose I am here to stay on VPS for long. I am slowly migrating all my websites to VPS.
I guess this is all I had to share here in this post. If I have missed out on anything which many of you have asked me on chat and mails kindly feel free to ask it here. If I feel I need to add anything, will do so.
For experienced developers who accidentally read till here, feel free to add anything you want to. If you feel anything was wrong in my methodology and approach do let us all know. I am still learning.
All the best for all those starting out there.
Patience is the Key I will say finally.
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